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Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896) Portrait of A.A. Radischev (son A.N. Radischev) Oil on canvas. 1855 34.5 x 25.5 cm Saratov State Art Museum of A.N. Radishchev, Russia
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Title: Portrait of A.A. Radischev
Description:

Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896)
Portrait of A.A. Radischev (son A.N. Radischev)
Oil on canvas. 1855
34.5 x 25.5 cm
Saratov State Art Museum of A.N. Radishchev, Russia


Alexei Petrovich Bogolyubov Mother Thekla Aleksandrovna Radishchev, daughter of the famous Russian revolutionary democrat of the XVIII century by Alexander Nikolaevich Radishchev.

Radishchev - noble family, a family tradition, the origin of the Tatar, dating back to XVII century. Athanasius Prokof'evich Radishchev was when Anna Ioanovna Colonel Starodub (in the Ukraine). His grandson - a prominent Russian writer Alexander Radishchev. Rhode Radishchev introduced in the VI and II of the pedigree books Kaluga, Saratov, Tambov, and Kharkov provinces.

Alexander Nikolayevich Radishchev (Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Ради́щев; 31 August [O.S. 20 August] 1749 – 24 September [O.S. 12 September] 1802) was a Russian author and social critic who was arrested and exiled under Catherine the Great. He brought the tradition of radicalism in Russian literature to prominence with the publication in 1790 of his Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow. His depiction of socio-economic conditions in Russia earned him exile to Siberia until 1797.

Radishchev was born into a minor noble family on an estate just outside of Moscow. His youth was spent with a relative in Moscow, where he was allowed to spend time at the newly established Moscow University. His family connections provided him with an opportunity to serve as a page in Catherine's court, where his exceptional service and intellectual capabilities set him apart. Because of his exceptional academic promise, Radishchev was chosen of one of a dozen young students to be sent abroad to acquire Western learning. For several years he studied at the University of Leipzig. His foreign education influenced his approach to Russian society, and upon his return he hoped to incorporate Enlightenment philosophies such as natural law and the social contract to Russian conditions. He lauded revolutionaries like George Washington and praised the early stages of the French Revolution. His most famous work - A Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow - is a critique of Russian society. He was especially critical of serfdom and the limits to personal freedom imposed by the autocracy.

Catherine the Great read the work, viewed Radishchev's calls for reform as evidence of Jacobin-style radicalism, and ordered copies of the text confiscated and destroyed. He was arrested and condemned to death. This sentence was later commuted to exile to Ilimsk in Siberia, though before his exile he underwent both physical and psychological torture.

Radishchev was freed by Catherine's successor Tsar Paul, and attempted again to push for reforms in Russia's government. Under the reign of Alexander I, Radishchev was briefly employed to help revise Russian law, a realization of his lifelong dream. Unfortunately, his tenure in this administrative body was short and unsuccessful. In 1802 a despondent Radishchev - possibly threatened with another Siberian exile - committed suicide by drinking poison.

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« Goback 124 / 454 Forward »
Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896) Sea Canal in St Petersburg Oil on canvasAlexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896) Portrait of A.A. Radischev (son A.N. Radischev) Oil on canvas. 1855 34.5 x 25.5 cm Saratov State Art Museum of A.N. Radishchev, RussiaAlexey Petrovich Bogolyubov (16 March 1824 – 3 February 1896) Sketch: Battle of Gangut (third time) Oil on wood, 1876
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