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Ryzhenko Pavel Viktorovich  Triptych
Goback 19 / 39 Forward

Title: Sartaq
Description:
 
Ryzhenko Pavel Viktorovich
Triptych "The sun of the Russian land."
Sartaq. 2008-2009
Oil on canvas 
170380 cm
Private collection

Sartaq (or Sartak, Sartach, Mongolian: ) Khan (died 1256) was the son of Batu Khan and Regent Dowager Khatun Boraqcin of Alchi Tatar. Sartaq succeeded Batu as khan of the Ulus of Jochi (Golden Horde or Kipchak Khanate).

In 1252, Alexander Nevsky met with Sartaq at Sarai. Alexander received yarlyk (license) to become Grand Duke of Vladimir in vassalage to the Kipchak Khanate. According to Lev Gumilev he became Sartaq’s anda (sworn brother, probably akin to blood brother) and an adopted son of Batu Khan.

Sartaq was reputed to be a Christian convert; his father being a Shamanist. There are several stories of Sartaq's conversion. The Armenian writers, for example, alleged that Sartaq was brought up and baptized among the Russians.

However, a message dated August 29, 1254 by Sartaq addressed to Pope Innocent IV, stated that Sartaq, then a duke, was baptised as a Christian. The Pope heard the news a priest whom the khan had sent as envoy to the papal court.

His reign as khan of the Golden Horde was short-lived. He died in 1256 before returning Great Khan Mongke's court in Mongolia, less than one year after his father, probably having been poisoned by his uncles Berke and Berkhchir. The notable Russian historian Karamzin, along with Armenian and Muslim chroniclers, stated that they were hostile to one another because of tensions between religions. Sartaq was succeeded by Ulaqchi briefly in 1257, before his uncle Berke succeeded to the throne. It is not clear whether Ulaqchi was his brother or his son.

Sartaq's daughter Theodora (or Theothiure) was the wife of Gleb Vasilkovich of Beloozero and Rostov, a grandson of Konstantin of Rostov and first cousin once removed of Alexander Nevsky. Their descendants include Ivan IV of Russia and innumerable families of Russian nobility.

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Goback 19 / 39 Forward
Ryzhenko Pavel Viktorovich  Triptych Ryzhenko Pavel Viktorovich  Triptych Ryzhenko Pavel Viktorovich  Time of Troubles. 2003  Oil on canvas   150230 cm  Private collection
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