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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints   Oil and gold on wood, 1504-1505	  172,4 cm × 172,4 cm (679 in × 679 in)  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA
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Title: Madonna and Child
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints
Oil and gold on wood, 1504-1505
172,4 cm × 172,4 cm (679 in × 679 in)
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USA

The Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints (Young Baptist and Saints Peter, Catherine, Lucy, and Paul), also known as the Colonna Altarpiece, is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance artist Raphael, circa 1504. It is housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York City. It is the only altarpiece by Raphael in the United States.

The piece is a relatively early and transitional work by Raphael, painted for the convent of Sant'Antonio da Padova at Perugia. Raphael began work on it when he was barely 21 years old, just before he left for Florence in 1504, and he completed it the following year after he returned to Perugia. The piece shows clear elements of Raphael's early and his later Florentine style. The influence of his teacher Perugino can be seen in the conservative composition. But Raphael has infused into the stiffly posed group a breadth and dignity that reflects his knowledge of the work of Fra Bartolomeo in Florence. Particularly striking are Raphael's treatment of the Saints Peter and Paul, whose apparent volume fills the space at the sides of the main panel and the placement of the figures of God the Father and two angels, who symmetrically fill the curved shape of the altarpiece's lunette above the main panel, which is visible here.

The collection of Metropolitan Museum of Art also contains a painting of the Agony in the garden from the predella of the altarpiece. Other panels from the predella can be found in the collections of the National Gallery, London, the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, in Boston, and Dulwich Picture Gallery, in London. A preparatory drawing by Raphael for the composition of the agony in the garden is in the collection of the Morgan Library in New York.

The pieces of the predella were separated from the altarpiece and sold to Queen Christina of Sweden, from they reached Orleans Collection, while the main panels themselves were eventually sold to the aristocratic Colonna family in Rome, from whom the altarpiece takes its name. The Altarpiece was the last Raphael altar in private hands when J.P. Morgan purchased it in the early 20th century for a record price.


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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Cardinal and Theological Virtues (Virtù Cardinali e Teologali)  Fresco, 1511  ? cm × 660 cm (?? × 260 in)  Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Rome, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints   Oil and gold on wood, 1504-1505	  172,4 cm × 172,4 cm (679 in × 679 in)  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USARaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  The adoration of the Magi  Tempera grassa (egg-oil) on canvas, 1502-1504  27 × 50 cm (10.63 × 19.68 in)  Vatican Pinacoteca, room VIII, Vatican City, Italy
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