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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Saint George and the Dragon  Oil on wood, 1504-1505  28,5 cm × 21,5 cm (112 in × 85 in)  National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA
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Title: Saint George
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Saint George and the Dragon
Oil on wood, 1504-1505
28,5 cm × 21,5 cm (112 in × 85 in)
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA

St. George and the Dragon is a small cabinet painting by the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael, 1504-1506.

The St. Michael and St. George and the Dragon in the Louvre, and this St. George of the National Gallery of Washington, are bound together both by their subject - an armed youth fighting a dragon - and by stylistic elements. All three are assigned to the Florentine period of Raphael and echo those stimuli which the Urbinate received from the great masters who worked in Florence or whose paintings were visible there. The influence of Leonardo - whose fighting warriors from the Battle of Anghiari (1505) in the Palazzo della Signoria provided an extraordinary example of martial art (the painting deteriorated very rapidly because of shortcomings in Leonardo's experimental technique and so is no longer visible) - predominates in these works. But references to Flemish painting - particularly that of Hieronymus Bosch (the glaring light and humanoid monsters which populate the St. Michael are characteristic of Bosch) - suggest the environment of Urbino, Northern influences were still quite vivid.

These small panels are indicative of a moment in which the painter gathers the stylistic fruits of what he has assimilated so far and, at the same time, poses pictorial problems which will be developed in the future.

The painting used to be a highlight of the Pierre Crozat collection which was acquired through Diderot's mediation by Catherine II of Russia in 1772. For a century and a half, the panel hung in the Imperial Hermitage Museum. It was one of the most popular paintings in the entire collection of the Tsars. In March 1931 the Bolsheviks sold the painting to Andrew Mellon, who ceded it to the Washington gallery.

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Goback 38 / 88 Forward
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  The Parnassus  Fresco, 1511  ? cm × 670 cm (?? × 260 in)  Apostolic Palace, Vatican City, Rome, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Saint George and the Dragon  Oil on wood, 1504-1505  28,5 cm × 21,5 cm (112 in × 85 in)  National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USARaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna Terranuova  Oil on wood, 1504-1505  87 cm diameter (34 in)  Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany
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