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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Disputation of the Holy Sacrament  Fresco, 1509-1510  500 cm × 770 cm (200 in × 300 in)  Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican City
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Title: Disputation
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Disputation of the Holy Sacrament
Fresco, 1509-1510
500 cm × 770 cm (200 in × 300 in)
Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican City

The Disputation of the Sacrament (Italian: La disputa del sacramento), or Disputa, is a painting by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael. It was painted between 1509 and 1510 as only the first part of Raphael's commission to decorate with frescoes the rooms that are now known as the Stanze di Raffaello, in the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican. At the time, this room was known as the Stanza della segnatura, and was the private papal library the supreme papal tribunal met (Adams 344).

This summarizes the work, drawing from the work of art historian Laurie Adams. In the painting, Raphael has created a scene spanning both heaven and earth. Above, Christ is surrounded by the Blessed Virgin Mary, John the Baptist and various biblical figures such as Adam, Moses and Jacob. God the Father sits above Jesus, depicted reigning over the golden light of heaven. Below, on the altar sits the monstrance. The altar is flanked by theologians who are depicted debating Transubstantiation (Adams 345). Christ's body is represented in the eucharist, which is discussed by representatives of the Church; among them are Pope Julius II, Pope Sixtus IV, Savonarola and Dante Alighieri. Pope Sixtus IV is the gold dressed pope in the bottom of the painting. Directly behind Sixtus is Dante, wearing red and sporting a laurel wreath (symbolizing his greatness as a writer) (Adams 346). In the left hand corner, there is a bald figure reading a book leaning over a railing. This is Raphael's mentor and famous renaissance architect Bramante.


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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  The annunciation  Tempera grassa (egg-oil) on canvas, 1502-1504  27 × 50 cm (10.63 × 19.68 in)  Vatican Pinacoteca, room VIII, Vatican City, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Disputation of the Holy Sacrament  Fresco, 1509-1510  500 cm × 770 cm (200 in × 300 in)  Apostolic Palace, Rome, Vatican CityRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Saint George and the Dragon  Oil on wood, 1504-1505  28,5 cm × 21,5 cm (112 in × 85 in)  National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA
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