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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna of Foligno  Oil on canvas, 1510-1511  320 cm × 194 cm (130 in × 76 in)  Pinacoteca Vaticana, Vatican City, Rome, Italy
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Title: Madonna of Foligno
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Madonna of Foligno
Oil on canvas, 1510-1511
320 cm × 194 cm (130 in × 76 in)
Pinacoteca Vaticana, Vatican City, Rome, Italy

The Madonna of Foligno is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance painter Raphael.

The painting was uted for Sigismondo de' Conti, secretary of Pope Julius II, in 1511-1512. It was to be placed in the church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli in Rome, where Sigismondo was buried. In 1512 it was moved to the monastery of St. Anne in Foligno, hence the name.

Raphael's pictorial research had been enriched by his solutions regarding the use of light in the Expulsion of Heliodorus and the Liberation of St. Peter. These pictorial devices reappear in the Madonna of Foligno. The Madonna and Child, borne by a cloud of angels and framed by an orange disk, dominate the group of saints below them, among whom is the donor. This group includes - from left to right - St. John the Baptist, St. Francis of Assisi, Sigismondo de' Conti, and St. Jerome. A small angel at the centre of the composition holds a small plaque which was originally intended to carry the dedicatory inscription.

The painting was commissioned to commemorate a miracle in which the donor's house in Foligno was struck by lightning or - according to another version - was struck by a projectile during the siege of Foligno, although it was not damaged. The stormy atmosphere of the landscape background and the flash of lightning (or explosion) which strikes the Chigi Palace (visible at left) illustrate the legend. The strong characterization of the figures, the volumetric fullness of the putti and the refined chiaroscuro distinguish the panel (which was taken as loot by Napoleon's army in 1799 and returned in 1815) as a work of the mature artist.


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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Portrait of a Man  Oil on wood, c. 1502  45 cm × 31 cm (18 in × 12 in)  Galleria Borghese, Rome, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna of Foligno  Oil on canvas, 1510-1511  320 cm × 194 cm (130 in × 76 in)  Pinacoteca Vaticana, Vatican City, Rome, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Visitation  Oil on panel, c.1517  200 cm × 145 cm (79 in × 57 in)  Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
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