Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Resurrection of Christ
Oil on panel, 1499-1502
52 cm × 44 cm (20.47 in × 17.32 in)
São Paulo Museum of Art, São Paulo, Brazil
The Resurrection of Christ (1499-1502), also called The Kinnaird Resurrection (after a former owner of the painting, Lord Kinnaird), is an oil painting on wood by the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael. The work is one the earliest known paintings by the artist, uted between 1499 and 1502. It’s probably a piece of an unknown predella, though it has been suggested that the painting could be one of the remaining works of the Baronci altarpiece, Raphael's first recorded commission (seriously damaged by an earthquake in 1789, fragments of which are today found in museums across Europe). The painting is presently housed in the São Paulo Museum of Art.
The Kinnaird Resurrection is one of the first preserved works of Raphael in which his natural dramatic style of composition was already obvious, as opposed to the gentle poetic style of his master, Pietro Perugino. The extremely rational composition is ruled by a complex ideal geometry which interlinks all the elements of the scene and gives it a strange animated rhythm, transforming the characters in the painting into co-protagonists in a unique "choreography". The painting possesses an esthetic influence from Pinturicchio and Melozzo da Forli, though the spatial orchestration of the work, with its tendency to movement, shows Raphael's knowledge of the Florentine artistic milieu of the 1500s.
The work was acquired by the São Paulo Museum of Art in 1954. Pietro Maria Bardi, former director of the museum, took the responsibility of adding "The Kinnaird Resurrection" to the "body" of works of Raphael, based on the existence of two preparatory studies for the composition, starting a heated debate about its authorship. Nowadays, the reference to Raphael is almost connsentually accepted by experts. It is the only conserved work of that artist in the Southern Hemisphere.