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Ivanov Alexander Andreevich (1806 - 1858)  Priam Asking Achilles to Return Hector's Body  Oil on canvas, 1824  119 x 124.7 cm  The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Goback 24 / 24

Title: Priam Asking Achilles
Description:
Ivanov Alexander Andreevich (1806 - 1858)
Priam Asking Achilles to Return Hector's Body
Oil on canvas, 1824
119 x 124.7 cm
The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia

In Greek mythology, Priam (Greek Πρίαμος Priamos) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War and youngest son of Laomedon. Modern scholars derive his name from the Luwian compound Priimuua, which means "exceptionally courageous".
Priam had a number of wives; his first was Arisbe, who had given birth to his son Aesacus, who met a tragic death before the advent of the Trojan War. Priam later divorced her in favor of Hecuba (or Hecebe), daughter of the Phrygian king Dymas. By his various wives and concubines Priam was the father of fifty sons and nineteen daughters. Hector was Priam's eldest son by Hecuba, and heir to the Trojan throne. Paris, another son, was the cause of the Trojan War. Other children of Priam and Hecuba include the prophetic Helenus and Cassandra; eldest daughter Ilione; Deiphobus; Troilus; Polites; Creusa, wife of Aeneas; Laodice, wife of Helicaon; Polyxena, who was slaughtered on the grave of Achilles; and Polydorus, his youngest son.
Priam was originally called Podarces and he kept himself from being killed by Heracles by giving him a golden veil embroidered by his sister, Hesione. After this, Podarces d his name to Priam. This is an etymology based on priatos "ransomed"; the actual etymology of the name is probably not Greek, but perhaps Lydian in origin.

When Hector is killed by Achilles, Achilles treats the body with disrespect and refuses to give it back. Zeus sends the god Hermes to escort King Priam, Hectors father and the ruler of Troy, into the Achaean camp. Priam tearfully pleads with Achilles to take pity on a father bereft of his son and return Hectors body. He invokes the memory of Achilles own father, Peleus. Deeply moved, Achilles finally relents and returns Hectors corpse to the Trojans. Both sides agree to a temporary truce, and Hector receives a heros funeral. Achilles further goes on to give Priam leave to hold a proper funeral for Hector complete with funeral games. He promises that no Greek will engage in combat for 11 days, but on the 12th day of peace, the mighty war between the Greeks and the Trojans would resume.

It has been suggested by Hittite sources, specifically the Manapa-Tarhunta letter that there is historical basis for the archetype of King Priam. The letter describes one Piyama-Radu as a troublesome rebel who overthrew a Hittite client king and thereafter established his own rule over the city of Troy (mentioned as Wilusa in Hittite). There is also mention of an Alaksandu, suggested to be Paris Alexander (King Priam's son from the Iliad), a later ruler of the city of Wilusa who established peace between Wilusa and Hatti (see the Alaksandu treaty).

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Goback 24 / 24
Ivanov Alexander Andreevich (1806 - 1858)  The Annunciation  Paper, watercolor, white, 1850  2639 cm  The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, RussiaIvanov Alexander Andreevich (1806 - 1858)  Bellerophon sent to a campaign against the Chimera  Oil on canvas, 1829  130.5 x 113 cm  The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, RussiaIvanov Alexander Andreevich (1806 - 1858)  Priam Asking Achilles to Return Hector's Body  Oil on canvas, 1824  119 x 124.7 cm  The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
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