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Fyodor Bruni (1801-1875)  Prince Oleg fixes shield to the gate of the Tsargrad (Constantinople)  Etching  26,1 x34,2 cm  The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
Goback 5 / 17 Forward

Title: Prince Oleg fixes shield
Description:
Fyodor Bruni (1801-1875)
Prince Oleg fixes shield to the gate of the Tsargrad (Constantinople)
Etching
26,1 x34,2 cm
The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Oleg of Novgorod (Slavic: , Old Norse: Helgi, Khazarian, possibly Helgu) According to East Slavic chronicles, Oleg was supreme ruler of the Rus from 882 to 912 , who ruled all or part of the Rus people during the early tenth century. He is credited with moving the capital of Rus from Novgorod the Great to Kiev and, in doing so, laid the foundation for the powerful state of Kievan Rus. He also launched at least one attack on Constantinople, capital of the Byzantine Empire.
According to the Primary Russian Chronicle, Oleg was a relation (likely brother-in-law) of the first ruler, Rurik, and was entrusted by Rurik to take care of both his kingdom and his young son Ingvar, or Igor. Oleg gradually took control of the Dnieper cities, captured Kiev (previously held by the Varangian warlords, Askold and Dir) and finally moved his capital from Novgorod there. The new capital was a convenient place to launch a raid against Tsargrad (Constantinople) in 911. According to the chronicle, the Byzantines attempted to poison Oleg, but the Rus' leader demonstrated his oracular powers by refusing to drink the cup of poisoned wine. Having fixed his shield to the gate of the imperial capital, Oleg won a favourable trade treaty, which eventually was of great benefit to both nations. Although Byzantine sources did not record these hostilities, the text of the treaty survives in the Primary Chronicle.
The Primary Chronicle's brief account of Oleg's life contrasts with other early sources, specifically the Novgorod First Chronicle, which states that Oleg was not related to Rurik, and was rather a client-prince who served as Igor's army commander. The Novgorod First Chronicle does not give the date of the commencement of Oleg's reign, but dates his death to 922 rather than 912. Scholars have contrasted this dating scheme with the "epic" reigns of roughly thirty-three years for both Oleg and Igor in the Primary Chronicle. The Primary Chronicle and other Kievan sources place Oleg's grave in Kiev, while Novgorodian sources identify a funerary barrow in Ladoga as Oleg's final resting place.
In the Primary Chronicle, Oleg is known as the Prophet (), an epithet aluding to the sacred meaning of his Norse name ("priest"), but also ironically referring to the circumstances of his death. According to this legend, romanticised by Alexander Pushkin in his celebrated ballad "The Song of the Wise Oleg," it was prophesied by the pagan priests that Oleg would take death from his stallion. Proud of his own foretelling abilities, he sent the horse away. Many years later he asked his horse was, and was told it had died. He asked to see the remains and was taken to the place the bones lay. When he touched the horse's skull with his boot a snake slithered from the skull and bit him. Oleg died, thus fulfilling the prophecy.
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Goback 5 / 17 Forward
Fyodor Bruni (1801-1875)  Bacchant Giving Cupid a Drink  Oil on canvas, 1828  91x67 cm  The Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, RussiaFyodor Bruni (1801-1875)  Prince Oleg fixes shield to the gate of the Tsargrad (Constantinople)  Etching  26,1 x34,2 cm  The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, RussiaFyodor Bruni (1801-1875)  The Virgin and Child in the roses  Oil on canvas, 1843  64,7 x40 cm  The Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, Russia
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