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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  The Madonna of the Pinks  Oil on yew, c. 15061507  27.9 cm × 22.4 cm (11.0 in × 8.8 in)  National Gallery, London, United Kingdom
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Title: Madonna of the Pinks
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
The Madonna of the Pinks
Oil on yew, c. 15061507
27.9 cm × 22.4 cm (11.0 in × 8.8 in)
National Gallery, London, United Kingdom

The Madonna of the Pinks (circa 1506-1507, Italian: La Madonna dei garofani) is an early devotional painting by the Italian Renaissance master Raphael. It is painted in oils on fruitwood and now hangs in the National Gallery, London.
The painting depicts a youthful Virgin Mary playing with the Christ child and handing him carnations. These flowers, whose botanical name is dianthus (Greek for flower of God), are a premonition of Christ's Passion according to Christian legend, the flower first appeared when the Virgin wept at the Crucifixion. The event takes place in a dimly-lit domestic setting influenced by Netherlandish art. The composition is based closely on the Benois Madonna by Leonardo da Vinci, although the colour scheme of blues and greens that link the Virgin with the landscape is Raphael's own. Through the arched window is a landscape with a ruined building, symbolising the collapse of the pagan world at the birth of Christ.
The subject matter and size of the painting, little larger than a Book of Hours, suggest that it may have been intended as a portable aid to prayer. The identity of its original patron is unknown, although an inventory the 1850s suggests that it was commissioned for Maddalena degli Oddi, a member of a prominent Perugian family, after she had taken holy orders.

In the 19th century it was property of the painter Vincenzo Camuccini.
Only in 1991 was the painting identified as a genuine Raphael, by the Renaissance scholar Nicholas Penny. Although Raphael scholars were aware of the existence of the work, which had hung in Alnwick Castle since 1853, they considered it merely the best of several copies of a lost original. After a huge public appeal the Madonna of the Pinks was bought in 2004 by the National Gallery the Duke of Northumberland for £34,88 million, with contributions the Heritage Lottery Fund and the National Art Collections Fund. To justify the vast expenditure it went on a nationwide tour to Manchester, Cardiff, Edinburgh and Barnard Castle.

In the Summer of 2006 Caruzzi et al. published online research which alleged that Nicholas Penny's attribution and the associated defence of it published by the National Gallery are based on incomplete analysis, untenable arguments and misinterpretations. In 2007 Prof. James Beck published a book in which he also reportedly disputes the attribution of the National Gallery of London's painting Madonna of the Pinks to Raphael.


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Goback 44 / 88 Forward
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints   Oil and gold on wood, 1504-1505	  172,4 cm × 172,4 cm (679 in × 679 in)  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, USARaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  The Madonna of the Pinks  Oil on yew, c. 15061507  27.9 cm × 22.4 cm (11.0 in × 8.8 in)  National Gallery, London, United KingdomRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary  Oil on panel transferred to canvas, 1516-1517  318 cm × 229 cm (125 in × 90 in)  Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain
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