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John William Waterhouse (6 April 1849  10 February 1917)  Diogenes  Oil on canvas, 1882  208 x 135 cm  Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Goback 17 / 86 Forward

Title: Diogenes
Description:
 
John William Waterhouse (6 April 1849 — 10 February 1917)
Diogenes
Oil on canvas, 1882
208 x 135 cm
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Diogenes of Sinope (Greek: Διογένης ὁ Σινωπεύς Diogenes ho Sinopeus), was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy. Also known as Diogenes the Cynic, he was born in Sinope (modern-day Sinop, Turkey) in 412 or 404 BCE and died at Corinth in 323 BCE.

Diogenes was one of the few men to ever publicly mock Alexander the Great and live. He intellectually humiliated Plato and was the only pupil ever accepted by Antisthenes, whom he saw as the true heir of Socrates. Diogenes taught his philosophy of cynicism to Crates who taught it to Zeno of Citium who fashioned it into the school of Stoicism, one of the most enduring branches of Greek philosophy.

Diogenes of Sinope was always controversial. Exiled from his native city for defacing the currency, he moved to Athens and declared himself a cosmopolitan (in defiance of the prevailing city-state system). He became a disciple of Antisthenes, and made a virtue of extreme poverty, famously begging for a living and sleeping in a tub in the marketplace. He became notorious for his provocative behaviour and philosophical stunts such as carrying a lamp in the daytime, claiming to be looking for an honest man. He regularly argued with Plato, disputing his interpretation of Socrates and sabotaging his lectures. After being captured by pirates and sold into slavery, Diogenes eventually settled in Corinth, he was befriended by Alexander.

Diogenes was a staunch admirer of Hercules. He believed that virtue was better revealed in action than in theory. His life was a relentless campaign to debunk the social values and institutions of what he saw as a corrupt society. None of his many writings have survived, but details of his life come in the form of anecdotes (chreia), especially from Diogenes Laërtius, in his book Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers.

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Goback 17 / 86 Forward
John William Waterhouse (6 April 1849  10 February 1917)  The Favorites of the Emperor Honorius  Oil on canvas, 1883  117 x 202 cm  Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, AustraliaJohn William Waterhouse (6 April 1849  10 February 1917)  Diogenes  Oil on canvas, 1882  208 x 135 cm  Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, AustraliaJohn William Waterhouse (6 April 1849  10 February 1917)  Dolce Far Niente  Oil on canvas, 1880  50 x 95.5 cm  Kirkcaldy Museum & Art Gallery, Kirkcaldy, Fife, UK
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