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Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817 - 1900) A.S. Pushkin and Raevskaya in the Gurzuf Oil on canvas 16 x 22 cm (6.29
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Title: Pushkin in the Gurzuf

Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817 - 1900)
A.S. Pushkin and Raevskaya in the Gurzuf
Oil on canvas
16 x 22 cm
(6.29" x 8.66")
Art Museum, Samara, Russia

Villages Gurzuf is located in the eastern part of Greater Yalta. Who has ever rested in Gurzuf, he certainly wants to come back here again, in one of the most charming and beautiful places of the Southern coast. Here, a special microclimate. High mountains, surrounded sbegayuschy to the sea, the village, protecting it from cold winds. An unforgettable experience the beauty of the landscape left: Bear Mountain prop back the sky, the water went up the rocks - islets Adalary, rows of curly vines zeleneyut to surrounding hills, slopes Gurzufskoy Yayly with winds beleyuschey arbor covered with dense forest.
History Gurzuf starts from the ancient times, it was replaced by each other a lot of people: brand, Greeks, Goths, Khazars, genueztsy ... The pass Gurzufskoe saddle archaeologists discovered an ancient holy place, belonging, apparently, Tavriya. Here they sacrificed to their gods.
At the heart of the village rises from the sea coast Genoese rock. At its peak in the sixth century on the orders of Emperor Justinian the First Gorzouvites fortress was erected, and beneath, rustled on the shore port. In the fourteenth century citadel, destroyed by Tartars, was restored genueztsami, vedshimi on the southern coast of active trade. Up to now remained the memory of them in the name of the fortress and the rocks - Dzhenevez. At the top of the rocks have only remnants of walls, built of stone in the wild lime mortar. Finally destroyed the castle in the fifteenth century, the Turkish troops, pulled the stones built on the local residents. In 1472 Gurzuf arrived to the shores of the ship, aboard which sailed in Feodosia, returning from far-away India, Afonasy Nikitin. After the capture of the southern coast of the Turks, Gurzuf become a small village.
Gurzuf inextricably linked with the name of Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837). While traveling in southern Russia with samey hero of the Patriotic War of 1812, General
NN Rayevsky, the young poet came to Gurzuf August 18, 1820 on the brig "Mingreliya. On board the ship Pushkin wrote Elegy --
"Extinguished daylight", for the first time in four and a half months it was visited by inspiration. In the passage from a letter to the D. " He reminisced about his first impressions in the form of Gurzuf, it is moved over the mountain poet Gurzuf, local huts, the green and gold hills of vineyards.

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Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (1817 - 1900) A.S. Pushkin and Raevskaya in the Gurzuf Oil on canvas 16 x 22 cm (6.29\\\" x 8.66\\\") Art Museum, Samara, Russia
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