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Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (1899-1969)  Heroes of the First Pyatiletka  Oil on canvas, 1936  250 x 192 cm  State Museum of Arts of A. Kasteev, Kazakhstan
Goback 58 / 106 Forward

Title: Heroes of the First Pyatiletka
Description:
Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (1899-1969)
Heroes of the First Pyatiletka
Oil on canvas, 1936
250 x 192 cm
State Museum of Arts of A. Kasteev, Kazakhstan

The Five-Year Plans for the National Economy of the USSR (Russian: , Pyatiletka) were a series of nation-wide centralized exercises in rapid economic development in the Soviet Union. The plans were developed by the Gosplan based on the Theory of Productive Forces that was part of the general guidelines of the Communist Party for economic development. Fulfilling the plan became the watchword of Soviet bureaucracy. (See Overview of the Soviet economic planning process) The same method of planning was also adopted by most other communist states, including the People's Republic of China, and India's pro-Soviet government in the 195060s. In addition, several capitalist states have emulated the concept of central planning, though in the context of a market economy, by setting integrated economic goals for a finite period of time. Thus are found "Seven-year Plans" and "Twelve-Year Plans".

Several five-year plans did not take up the full period of time assigned to them (some were successfully completed earlier than expected, while others failed and were abandoned). The initial five-year plans were created to serve in the rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union, and thus placed a major focus on heavy industry. Altogether, there were 13 five-year plans. The first one was accepted in 1928, for the five year period 1929 to 1933, and completed one year early. The last, thirteenth Five-Year Plan was for the period 1991 to 1995 and was not completed, as the Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991.

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Goback 58 / 106 Forward
Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (1899-1969)  Night landscape  Oil on canvas, 1933  65 x 55 cm  Private collectionAlexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (1899-1969)  Heroes of the First Pyatiletka  Oil on canvas, 1936  250 x 192 cm  State Museum of Arts of A. Kasteev, KazakhstanAlexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (1899-1969)  Women meeting  Oil on canvas, 1937  170x265 sm  Chelyabinsk Region Picture Gallery, Chelyabinsk, Russia
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