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Francesco Hayez (1791-1882)  Aristotle  Oil on canvas, 1811  163 × 126 cm (64.17 × 49.60 in)  Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy
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Title: Aristotle
Description:
Francesco Hayez (1791-1882)
Aristotle
Oil on canvas, 1811
163 × 126 cm (64.17 × 49.60 in)
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy

Aristotle (Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotélēs) (384 BC – 322 BC) was a Greek philosopher, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. He wrote on many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology and zoology.

Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. He was the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian Physics. In the biological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the nineteenth century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late nineteenth century into modern formal logic. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially Eastern Orthodox theology, and the scholastic tradition of the Roman Catholic Church. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today.

Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as "a river of gold"), it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost and only about one-third of the original works have survived.

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Francesco Hayez (1791-1882)  Portrait of Matilde Juva-Branca   Oil on canvas, 	1851  120 × 94 cm  Civica Galleria d'Arte Moderna, MilanFrancesco Hayez (1791-1882)  Aristotle  Oil on canvas, 1811  163 × 126 cm (64.17 × 49.60 in)  Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, ItalyFrancesco Hayez (1791-1882)  Rinaldo and Armida  Oil on canvas, 1814  198 × 295 cm  Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy
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