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Nikolai Dmitriyev-Orenburgsky (1837 - 1898)   Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, Crown Prince Nicholas Alexandrovich, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich in Tsarskoe Selo  Oil on canvas,  End of 1880  111 x 192 cm  State Historical Museum, Russia
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Title: In the Tsarskoe Selo
Description:
Nikolai Dmitriyev-Orenburgsky (1837 - 1898)
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, Crown Prince Nicholas Alexandrovich, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich in the Tsarskoe Selo
Oil on canvas, End of 1880
111 x 192 cm
State Historical Museum, Russia

Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia ( ) (May 11, 1857 February 17, 1905) was a son of Emperor Alexander II of Russia. He was an influential figure during the reigns of his brother Tsar Alexander III of Russia and his nephew Tsar Nicholas II, who was also his brother in law.

Between 1891 and 1905, he was Governor General of Moscow. A radical conservative, his policies made him a polarizing figure. In 1892, as the governor of Moscow, he uted the state's order and expelled the large portion of the Jewish population from the city. The Khodynka Field tragedy, in 1896, tarnished his reputation. Highly controversial, he was targeted by revolutionaries and was assassinated by a terrorist bomb at the Kremlin.

Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia ( ) (October 3, 1860 N.S. January 30, 1919 N.S.) was the eighth child of Tsar Alexander II of Russia by his first wife Empress Maria Alexandrovna. His birth was commemorated by the naming of the city of Pavlodar in Kazakhstan. He entered the Russian Army and rose to the rank of General, but was known as a gentle person, religious and accessible to people.
Nicholas II (Nikolay Alexandrovich Romanov; Russian: ́ II, ́ ́ ́) (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and claimed the title of King of Poland. His official title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias[2] and he is currently regarded as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer by the Moscow Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917. His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to an economic and military disaster. Critics nicknamed him Nicholas the Bad because of the Khodynka Tragedy, Bloody Sunday, and the anti-Semitic pogroms that occurred during his reign. As head of state, he approved the Russian mobilization of August 1914 which marked the first fatal step into World War I and thus into the demise of the Romanov dynasty.

Nicholas II abdicated following the February Revolution of 1917 during which he and his family were imprisoned first in the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoe Selo, then later in the Governor's Mansion in Tobolsk, and finally at the Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg. Nicholas II, his wife, his son, his four daughters, the family's medical doctor, the Tsar's Valet, the Empress' Lady in Waiting and the family's cook were all killed in the same room by the Bolsheviks on the night of 17 July 1918. This led to the canonization of Nicholas II, his wife the Empress and their children as martyrs by various groups tied to the Russian Orthodox Church within Russia and, prominently, by the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia.

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Nikolai Dmitriyev-Orenburgsky (1837 - 1898)   Capture Grivitskogo redoubt at Plevna  Oil on canvas, 1885  111 x 192 cm  Central Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps, RussiaNikolai Dmitriyev-Orenburgsky (1837 - 1898)   Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, Crown Prince Nicholas Alexandrovich, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich in Tsarskoe Selo  Oil on canvas,  End of 1880  111 x 192 cm  State Historical Museum, RussiaNikolai Dmitriyev-Orenburgsky (1837 - 1898)   The last battle at Plevna November 28, 1877  Oil on canvas,  1889  112 x 193 cm
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