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Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna del cardellino (Madonna of the Goldfinch)  Oil on wood, 1505-1506  107 cm × 77 cm (42 in × 30 in)  Palazzo Riccardi Medici, Florence, Italy
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Title: Madonna
Description:
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)
Madonna del cardellino (Madonna of the Goldfinch)
Oil on wood, 1505-1506
107 cm × 77 cm (42 in × 30 in)
Palazzo Riccardi Medici, Florence, Italy

left image is before the restoration. - right image after the ten year restoration.
The Madonna del cardellino or Madonna of the Goldfinch is a painting by the Italian renaissance artist Raphael, c. 1505-1506. A 10-year restoration process was completed in 2008, after which the painting was returned to its home at the Uffizi in Florence. During the restoration, an antique copy replaced the painting in the gallery.

In this painting, as in most of the Madonnas of his Florentine period, Raphael arranged the three figures - Mary, Christ and the young John the Baptist - to fit into a geometrical design. Though the positions of the three bodies are natural, together they form an almost regular triangle.

The Virgin is holding a book, with identifies her as Sedes Sapientiae ("Seat of Wisdom"). The goldfinch is a symbol of Christ's future violent death. St. John offers the goldfinch to Christ in warning of his future.

The Madonna was a wedding gift Raphael to his friend Lorenzo Nasi. On November 17, 1548 Nasi's house was destroyed by an earthquake and the painting broke into seventeen pieces. It was restored shortly afterwards, but the damage was still visible.

In some versions of Vasari another similar painting is described as the Vallombrosa version but it has never been identified.

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Goback 54 / 88 Forward
Raphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Visitation  Oil on panel, c.1517  200 cm × 145 cm (79 in × 57 in)  Museo del Prado, Madrid, SpainRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna del cardellino (Madonna of the Goldfinch)  Oil on wood, 1505-1506  107 cm × 77 cm (42 in × 30 in)  Palazzo Riccardi Medici, Florence, ItalyRaphael Sanzio (Italian: Raffaello) (1483 - 1520)  Madonna dell'Impannata  Oil on wood, 	1513-1514  158 cm × 125 cm (62 in × 49 in)  Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy
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