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0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Francesco Raibolini (c. 1450-1517), called Francia, was an Bolognese painter, goldsmith, and medalist. He was first mentioned as a painter in 1486 and his earliest known work is the Felicini Madonna, which is signed and dated 1494. He worked in partnership with Lorenzo Costa, and was influenced by Costa's style, until 1506, when Francia became a court painter in Mantua, after which time he was influenced more by Perugino and Raphael. Raphael's Santa Cecilia is supposed to have produced such a feeling of inferiority in Francia that it caused him to die of depression.

Giotto di Bondone (c. 1267 – January 8, 1337), better known simply as Giotto, was an Italian painter and architect Florence in the late Middle Ages. He is generally considered the first in a line of great artists who contributed to the Italian Renaissance. Giotto's contemporary Giovanni Villani wrote that Giotto was "the most sovereign master of painting in his time, who drew all his figures and their postures according to nature. And he was given a salary by the Comune of Florence in virtue of his talent and excellence." The later 16th century biographer Giorgio Vasari says of him: "He made a decisive break with the crude traditional Byzantine style, and brought to life the great art of painting as we know it today, introducing the technique of drawing accurately life, which had been neglected for more than two hundred years."

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci  (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance man, a man whose unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his powers of invention. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived.

Mantegna, Andrea (1431?-1506). An Italian painter and engraver, Mantegna painted heroic figures, often using a dramatic perspective that gives the viewer the illusion of looking up below. The effect is somewhat the same as looking up ground level at statues mounted on a pedestal. Mantegna was born about 1431 near Vicenza, Italy. When he was about 10 years old he was adopted by Francesco Squarcione an art teacher in Padua.  Mantegna died in Mantua in 1506 and received the special honor of having a funeral chapel in the church of Santa Andrea dedicated to his honor.

Pietro Perugino (born Pietro Vannucci) (1446–1524) was the leading painter  of the Umbrian school, who developed some of the qualities that found classic expression in the High Renaissance. Raphael was his most famous pupil.

Jacopo Carucci (May 24, 1494 – January 2, 1557), usually known as Jacopo da Pontormo, Jacopo Pontormo or simply Pontormo, was an Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist the Florentine school. His work represents a profound stylistic shift the calm perspectival regularity that characterized the art of the Florentine Renaissance. He is famous for his use of twining poses, coupled with ambiguous perspective; his figures often seem to float in an uncertain environment, unhampered by the forces of gravity.

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (April 6 or March 28, 1483 – April 6, 1520), better known simply as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance, celebrated for the perfection and grace of his paintings and drawings. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.

Italian painter, active mainly in Ferrara. He succeeded Cosmo Tura as court painter to the Este in 1486, but little is known of his life. Earlier he appears to have assisted Frencesco Cossa for some years, and with Cossa and Tura he ranks as the leading artist of the 15th century Ferrarese school. The only picture reasonably certainly his is the altarpiece with a Madonna Enthroned with Saints (1480) painted for Santa Maria in Porto at Ravenna and now in the Brera, Milan. Other works, however, can be confidently given to him because of his distinctive style.

Cosimo Rosselli (1439 – after 1506) was a Florentine artist, of the Quattrocento Italians, who trained under Neri di Bicci (1419 – 1492). He painted for Churches in Florence, including the Sant’Ambrogio, and the Church of the Annunziata, as well as for churches in Lucca and Fiesole. In 1480, he was among a group of artist invited by Pope Sixtus IV (1414 – 1484) to work on frescos in the Sistine Chapel. He had two prominent pupils and assistants, Piero di Cosimo (1462 – 1522) and Fra Bartolomeo (1472 – 1517).

Francesco Squarcione (b Padua, c. 1395; d Padua, after May 1468). Italian painter, teacher, draughtsman and printmaker. He is a controversial figure. His mediocre qualities as a painter are less contentious than his role as the head of a school for painters, possibly the earliest private establishment devoted to teaching painting and distinct the workshop system of instruction through apprenticeships. There are only two works signed by him: the Virgin and Child (imaged here, Berlin) and De Lazara Altarpiece (Padua).

 
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