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Dmitriev-Orenburgsky, Nikolai (Russian, 1838 - 1898)

Nikolai Dmitrjewitsch Dmitrjeff-Orenburgsky or Nikolaj Dmitrievic Dmitriev-Orenburgskij (1 November 1838, Nizhny Novgorod - 21 April 1898, Saint Petersburg) was a Russian painter. He spent 1875-1885 living and working in Paris.

Dmitriev - genre and battle painter, adding to its name, to distinguish it from other artists Dmitrievs, the epithet "Orenburg". Born in 1838, was educated in his father's house in Ufa provincial high school and move his family to St. Petersburg was preparing to enter the Junkers, but at this time, on the advice of the famous painter VK Shebuev, began to attend classes of the Imperial Academy Arts.

It was listed in the student F.I. Bruni and received from her, for their success in drawing and painting, four small and one large silver medal. In 1860 he was awarded the gold medal of the minor, written for the program picture: "Olympic Games". In those followed for two years performed the painting: "The Grand Duchess Sophia Vitovitovna at the wedding of Grand Duke Vasily the Dark" and "Streletsky rebellion", but not for that, nor for the other did not receive the desired reward.

In 1863 it was again made by a competitor for the same medal, but, together with twelve other young artists refused to perform his proposed program and, after leaving the Academy with the rank of artists of the second degree, participated in the establishment of the St. Petersburg Artel of Artists, of which after was before 1871.

In the 1868 film "drowned in the countryside" (located in the State Russian Museum) gave him the title of academician. In 1869 he accompanied the Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolayevich the Elder in his trip to the Caucasus and in the province of Kharkov and Voronezh, the fruit of this journey was an album of 42 drawings .

In 1871 Dmitriev traveled at public expense abroad for three years, led them, mainly in Duesseldorf, where the advice of the famous Benjamin Vautier and Ludwig Knaus, and then settled permanently in Paris. Here he was one of the main participants in the establishment of local "Society of Russian Artists" exhibited his paintings in the annual salons, only occasionally sending them to St. Petersburg, and performed sketches for Russian and French illustrated books.

In Paris, there was a shift from his genre paintings of battle, the cause of which was to get the Highest Order for several paintings depicting scenes from the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. Two of them ("Fight for Sistovskih Heights escort the Emperor Alexander II» and «The entrance to the city Ploeshty Emperor"), the Academy awarded him a professorship. In order to have all the benefits and convenience of the performance of further pictures of the same series, he returned in 1885 for permanent residence in St. Petersburg.

From the genre of the artist, except for the above picture of "drowned", the best can be considered: "Two minutes to stop" (1878) and "Fire in the countryside" (1885, State Russian Museum). Some of his pictures representing various scenes Russian-Turkish war, decorate a large Pompeevskuyu gallery in the Winter Palace . He died in 1898 in St. Petersburg.

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