Pavel Petrovich Chistyakov (Russian: Ïà́âåë Ïåòðî́âè÷ ×èñòÿêî́â) (July 5 [O.S. June 23] 1832 – November 11, 1919) was a Russian painter and teacher of art. He studied at the St.Petersburg Academy of arts (1849 - 1861) under Petr Basin. He was a pensioner of the Academy of Arts in Paris and in Rome (1862-1870). He taught in the Drawing School of the Petersburg Society for the Encouragement of the Applied Arts (1860-1864), and in St.Petersburg ( 1872) he was the professor-head of workshop (1908-1910) and managing mosaic branch (1890-1912).
The art-pedagogical system of Chistyakov, whose students included Viktor Vasnetsov, Mikhail Vrubel, Vasily Polenov, Ilya Repin, Valentin Serov, and Vasily Surikov, developed in constant struggle against the inert system of academism and played a huge role in the development of realism in Russian art of the second half of the 19th century.